Sailing against the tide: Tsardom and Russian Society c.1900

Russia – described by Churchill as ‘a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma’ by British political Winston Churchill in 1939 – was as juxtaposed, inscrutable and confusing a political and social entity in 1900 as it has been to many observers from the outside world before and after. Russia at the dawn ofContinue reading “Sailing against the tide: Tsardom and Russian Society c.1900”

The Rise of Hitler and the Nazi’s: The Munich Putsch

The year of 1923 seemed to point towards the impending collapse of the Weimar state; hyper-inflation, crisis in the Ruhr with the French and Belgian occupation and an increasingly disconnected, depressed and desperate population still angry about the humiliation of Versailles seemed on the brink. Emboldened by the rapid rise of his own party andContinue reading “The Rise of Hitler and the Nazi’s: The Munich Putsch”

An uneasy relationship: Soviet control over Central and Eastern Europe – The Prague Spring of 1968

The shifting sands of Soviet internal power in the 1960s – Khrushchev being replaced by Brezhnev – heralded a change in the dynamics of the foreign policy and international relations of the USSR and its sphere of influence. The mantra of ‘peaceful co-existence’ – in principle if not always in practice – from the KhrushchevContinue reading “An uneasy relationship: Soviet control over Central and Eastern Europe – The Prague Spring of 1968”

An uneasy relationship: Soviet control over Central and Eastern Europe – Hungary 1956

Our first ‘case study’ in this unit exploring the dynamics, pressures and specific nuances of key events in the development – and ultimately the demise – of ‘Communist Europe’ focused on the dramatic shifting of the sands of power in Hungary in 1956. Notwithstanding the East Berlin uprising of 1953, the events of October/November 1956Continue reading “An uneasy relationship: Soviet control over Central and Eastern Europe – Hungary 1956”

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